Integrated Model of Group Development, IMGD
IMGD is the first scientifically verified model for group development. IMGD is based on 40 years of research on thousands of groups in the USA, Sweden, Mexico and Japan. It was developed by the American psychology professor Dr. Susan A. Wheelan. IMGD describes group development in four steps, plus an additional, disintegrating step.
All the four steps are characterized by different behaviors and needs of the group. These steps are recognizable from earlier models of group development. The main difference is that the research material behind the IMGD model can verify both behaviors and needs for all the stages of group development. This is also what makes IMGD a very practically applicable model for groups looking to develop and become more efficient, quality minded and healthy.
FIRO, Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation
In 1958 the American psychologist Will Schultz presented a theory about interpersonal relations. He called the theory FIRO (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation). With three dimensions as his starting point, he describes and explains the theory of most human interaction. The dimensions are: belonging - control - openness. A number of instruments and methods based on the FIRO theory have subsequently been developed. They enable a better understanding of human behavior and what happens in human interactions. They can also inspire processes for development: improving interpersonal relations, creating trust and confidence and forming high functioning teams. Further, they are useful for developing more efficient leaders and building cooperative and successful business relations, alliances and partnerships.